THE SUPREME SOVIET OF THE REPUBLIC OF BELARUS

of December 11, 1990 N 455-XII Minsk

CODE OF THE REPUBLIC OF BELARUS ON LAND
The present Code regulates land relationship and aims at creating conditions for rational use and protection of lands, reproduction of land fertility, preservation and improvement of the environment, for equal development of all forms of economic management.

Section I GENERAL PROVISIONS

Chapter 1 FUNDAMENTAL PROVISIONS Article 1.

Land Legislation of the Republic of Belarus In conformity with the Declaration on State Sovereignty of the Republic of Belarus land relationships in the Republic of Belarus are regulated by the present Code, other legislation of the Republic of Belarus. Relationship in the sphere of mountains, forests and water resources, relationship in the use and protection of plantation and animal world, atmospheric air are regulated by special legislation. Article 2. Land as the Object of the Right of Ownership Land in the Republic of Belarus is the property of the Republic of Belarus. The Republic of Belarus exercises the possession, use and disposal of land on its territory in the interests of the Belarusian people. Each citizen of the Republic of Belarus has the right to a plot of land, the conditions and the procedure for the provision of which shall be defined by the present Code and other acts of the legislation on land of the Republic of Belarus. Article 3. Composition of Lands of the Republic of Belarus In accordance with the basic purposes all lands of the Republic of Belarus are subdivided into: 1) agricultural lands; 2) lands of centers of population (cities, towns, townships and rural centers of population); 3) lands of industries, transport, communications, defense and other sectors of use; 4) lands of nature-protection, health, recreational or historical and cultural purposes; 5) lands of the forestry fund; 6) lands of the water fund; 7) reserve lands. Article 4. Procedures for the Reference of Lands to Certain Categories and Their Transfer from One Category to Another Lands shall be referred to the categories specified in Article 3 of the present Code in conformity with their principal purpose of use. Lands shall be transferred from one category to another in case when their principal purpose of use is altered. The reference of lands to the specified categories and their transfer from one category to another shall be performed by the bodies which take decisions on the provision of such lands or, in cases which are not related to the provision of lands for possession or use, by the bodies which approve the land use projects and take decisions on the formation of objects of nature-protection, health, historic, cultural or other purposes provided the legislation of the Republic of Belarus does not stipulate otherwise. Article 5. Powers of Soviets of People's Deputies in the Sphere of Regulation of Land Relationship Soviets of People's Deputies provide plots of land for possession or use by citizens of the Republic of Belarus, collective farms, state farms and other state, cooperative, public enterprises, institutions or organizations, or, in cases established by the legislation, to other organizations or persons. Soviets of People's Deputies shall take back plots of land in conformity with the present Code or other acts of the legislation on land of the Republic of Belarus. Soviets of People's Deputies may transfer their powers in the part of the provision or taking back of lands to their executive bodies. Article 6. Participation of Citizens, Public Associations and Bodies of Territorial Public Self-Government in the Consideration of Matters Related to the Taking Back or Provision of Lands Citizens, public association (amalgamations) and bodies of territorial public self-government shall have the right to participate in the consideration of matters related to the taking back or provision of lands, that touch upon the rights of the population, through meetings or citizens or other forms of direct democracy. Soviets of People's Deputies shall inform the population of the provision of lands for the placement of facilities the activities of which touch upon interests of the population. Decisions of the Soviets of People's Deputies connected with the taking back or provision of lands for non-agricultural needs, collective gardening shall be taken taking into account public opinion. Article 7. Possession of Land Land shall be provided to citizens of the Republic of Belarus for life possession with the right of inheritance for the purposes and in the amounts as stipulated in Articles 52 to 54 of the present Code. Land shall be provided for permanent possession to collective farms, state farms, other state, cooperative, public enterprises, institutions or organizations, religious organizations for agricultural farming or forestry purposes. Article 8. Use of Land Land may be provided for permanent or temporary use to: citizens of the Republic of Belarus for the purposes specified in Articles 55 and 56 of the present Code; industrial, transport or other non-agricultural state, cooperative, public enterprises,, institutions or organizations; for defense purposes to the organizations specified in Article 98 of the present Code; religious organizations; joint ventures, international association, amalgamations or organization with the participation of Belarusian or foreign legal persons. Land may be provided for the use of other organizations or persons in cases stipulated by the legislation on land of the Republic of Belarus. Article 9. Period of Use Land may be provided for permanent or temporary use. Permanent use of land shall be the use of land without a predetermined period. Temporary use of land may be short-term, i.e. up to three years, or long-term, i.e. from three to ten years. In case of production necessity these periods may be extended for a period that does not exceed the respective periods of short-term or long-term temporary use. The extension of the period of use of plots of land shall be executed by the bodies which provided such lands. The Supreme Soviet of the Republic of Belarus may establish a longer period of long-term use in regard to certain types of land use. Chapter 2 POWERS OF LOCAL SOVIETS OF PEOPLE'S DEPUTIES AND THE REPUBLIC OF BELARUS IN THE SPHERE OF REGULATION LAND RELATIONSHIP Article 10. Powers of Rural Soviets of People's Deputies in the Sphere Regulation of Land Relationship Powers of rural Soviets of People's Deputies in the sphere of regulation of land relationship shall include: 1) the provision of lands in conformity with Article 16 of the present Code; 2) the taking back of lands for state or public needs from the lands of rural centers of population; 3) the registration of the right to land possession, land use and land-leasing contracts in rural centers of population; 4) the keeping of land cadaster documentation; 5) the collection of payment for land; 6) the control over the use and protection of lands on the territory of the rural Soviet; 7) the settlement of land disputes in conformity with Article 131 of the present Code; 8) the settlement of other matters in the sphere of regulation of land relationship within their powers. To settle land matters, rural Soviets of People's Deputies may set up commissions including deputies, specialists or representatives of the public, as well as land management bodies. Article 11. Powers of Urban Soviets of People's Deputies in the Sphere of Regulation of Land Relationship Powers of urban Soviets of People's Deputies in the sphere of regulation of land relationship shall include: 1) the provision of lands in conformity with Articles 16 and 104 of the present Code; 2) the taking back of lands for state or public needs from the lands of towns (townships); 3) the registration of the right to land possession, land use and land-leasing contracts in towns (townships); 4) the keeping of land cadaster documentation; 5) the collection of payment for land; 6) the control over the use and protection of lands in towns (townships); 7) the settlement of land disputes in conformity with Article 130 of the present Code; 8) the settlement of other matters in the sphere of regulation of land relationship within their powers. To settle land matters, urban Soviets of People's Deputies may set up commissions including deputies, specialists or representatives of the public, as well as land management bodies. Article 12. Powers of Regional Soviets of People's Deputies in the Sphere of Regulation of Land Relationship Powers of regional Soviets of People's Deputies in the sphere of regulation of land relationship shall include: 1) the provision and the taking back of lands in conformity with Articles 16, 27, 56 and 104 of the present Code; 2) the registration of the right to land possession, land use and land-leasing contracts; 3) the organization of land management; 4) the consideration and approval of projects and plans of land management; 5) the keeping of land cadaster documentation 6) the collection of payment for land; 7) the control over the use and protection of lands of the region; 8) the settlement of land disputes in conformity with Article 129 of the present Code; 8) the settlement of other matters in the sphere of regulation of land relationship within their powers. To settle land matters, regional Soviets of People's Deputies may set up commissions including deputies, specialists or representatives of the public, as well as land management bodies. Article 13. Powers of Oblast Soviets of People's Deputies in the Sphere of Regulation of Land Relationship Powers of Oblast (provincial) Soviets of People's Deputies in the sphere of regulation of land relationship shall include: 1) the provision and the taking back of lands in conformity with Articles 16 and 25 of the present Code; 2) the organization of land cadaster documentation; 3) the organization of land management; 4) the consideration and approval of plans of land management in the regions; 5) the elaboration and fulfillment together with the regional Soviets of People's Deputies of Oblast (provincial) programs on the rational use of lands, the increase of land fertility, the protection of land resources; 6) the control over the use and protection of lands in the Oblast; 7) the settlement of land disputes in conformity with Article 128 of the present Code; 8) the settlement of other matters in the sphere of regulation of land relationship within their powers. To settle land matters, Oblast (provincial) Soviets of People's Deputies may set up commissions including deputies, specialists or representatives of the public, as well as land management bodies. Article 14. Powers of the Republic of Belarus in the Sphere of Regulation of Land Relationship Powers of the Republic of Belarus in the sphere of regulation of land relationship shall include: 1) the disposal of lands within the boundaries of the Republic of Belarus in the republican purposes on agreement with rural, urban, regional, Oblast Soviets of People's Deputies as well as land owners and land users; 2) the elaboration and improvement of the legislation on land of the republic of Belarus; 3) the establishment of the procedure and rates of taxation and the limit amounts of payment for land as well as payment collection privileges; 4) the elaboration and fulfillment together with local Soviets of People's Deputies of republican programs on the rational land use, the increase of land fertility, the protection of land resources as well as of other nature-protection measures; 5) the control over the use and protection of lands; 6) the organization of land management and the keeping of the state land cadaster; 7) the settlement of land disputes in conformity with Article 127 of the present Code; 8) the settlement of other matters in the sphere of regulation of land relationship. Chapter 3 PROVISION OF LANDS FOR POSSESSION AND USE Article 15. Grounds for the Provision of Plots of Land The provision of plots of land for possession or use shall be executed through assignment (allotment). The assignment of plots of land shall be executed on the basis of a decision by the respective Soviet of People's Deputies according to the procedure established by the legislation of the Republic of Belarus. The decisions on the provision of plots of land for possession or use shall specify the purpose for which they are assigned (allotted). The procedure for the initiation and consideration of applications on the provision of plots of land shall be established by the Supreme Soviet of the Republic of Belarus. Article 16. Bodies Entitled to Provide Plots of Land Rural Soviets of People's Deputies shall provide plots of land from the lands of rural centers of population. Urban Soviets of People's Deputies shall provide plots of land from the lands of the towns (townships). Regional Soviets of People's Deputies shall provide plots of land on agreement with rural Soviets of People's Deputies: from the reserved lands irrespective of the size of plots of land; from the forestry fund lands in cases stipulated by Articles 56 and 104 of the present Code; from the lands of all categories for the construction of schools, hospitals, trade enterprises, culture and communal establishments, cult facilities, cemeteries and other facilities connected with the servicing of the population, for individual house or dacha building, for management of peasant (private) farms*, individual or collective gardening or animal farming and for other agricultural purposes. Oblast Soviets of People's Deputies shall provide plots of land on agreement with rural, regional Soviets of People's Deputies from the lands of all categories in all other cases except those stipulated in parts one, two, three or five of the present Article. In case of the provision of plots of land connected with the withdrawal of valuable agricultural lands with the cadaster value over 40 points (irrigated or drained lands, arable lands, plots of land with perennial fruit-bearing plants), experimental lands of research institutions or educational institutions for non-agricultural purposes, lands of republican reserves, lands of resort facilities, as well as woods having a special forest-usage conditions (forest parks, urban woods, forest park parts of green area, anti-erosion woods) for purposes that are not connected with the management of forestry such plots of land shall be provided (allotted), irrespective of their size, by the Supreme Soviet of the Republic of Belarus on agreement with the local Soviets of People's Deputies. ------------ *Hereinafter "farm" Article 17. Provision of the Plot of Land Being in Possession or Use to Another Land Owner or Land User The plot of land being in possession or use may be provided to another land owner or land user only after this plot of land has been taken back (withdrawn) in conformity with the procedures stipulated by the present Code. Article 18. Provision of Lands for Agricultural Purposes Lands which are fit for agricultural purposes must be provided above all for agricultural purposes. Lands shall be acknowledged as fit for agricultural purposes on the basis of the data of the state land cadastre. Article 19. Provision of Lands for Non-agricultural or Non-forestry Purposes Lands provided for building industrial enterprises, housing or communal facilities, railways, motor roads, electrical transmission lines, communications lines, main pipelines as well as for other non-agricultural purposes shall be assigned from non-agricultural lands or lands that are not fit for agricultural purposes, or agricultural lands of bad quality. Provision for the above purposes of plots of land from the forestry fund lands shall be executed predominantly at the expense of areas without woods or areas covered with bushes, shrubs of plants of low value. Provision of plots of lands for building purposes on areas with underlying mineral resources shall be executed on agreement with the state mining control authorities. Electrical transmission lines, communications lines and other service lines shall be arranged mainly along roads, existing routes, arable field boundaries and so on. Provision of plots of land to operating enterprises, organizations or institutions for the development of mineral resources or peat extraction shall be executed after they have recultivated previously assigned plots of land which they do not need any more, and these plots of land have been handed over to correspondent land users. Article 20. Appearance of the Right of Possession or Use of the Plot of Land The right of possession or use of the allotted plot of land may appear after the land management bodies have established the boundaries of this plot land in the natural conditions (on the site) and a document certifying this right has been obtained. In some cases on application of the land owner or the land user the Soviet of People's Deputies may permit to use such lands before the issue of such document provided that the land management or architectural office has defined the boundaries of the plot of land in the natural conditions (on the site). Article 21. Documents Certifying the Right of Possession or the Right of Permanent Use of Land The right of possession or the right of permanent use of land shall be certified by a State act which is to be issued and registered by regional, urban or rural Soviets of People's Deputies. The form of the State act, the procedure of its registration and issue shall be established by the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus. Article 22. Procedure of Arrangement of the Temporary Use of Land Temporary use of land (including temporary use on conditions of lease) shall be arranged by a contract followed by the issue of a certificate for the right of temporary use of land. The form of the contract, the form of the certificate for the right of temporary use of land and the procedure of its registration shall be established by the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus. Chapter 4 WITHDRAWAL OF LANDS Article 23. Grounds for the Withdrawal of Lands. Bodies Entitled to Withdraw Plots of Land Withdrawal of lands for state or public needs shall be effected on the basis of a decision taken respectively by the Supreme Soviet of the Republic of Belarus or the local Soviet of People's Deputies according to the procedure established by the legislation of the Republic of Belarus. Article 24. Inadmissibility of Withdrawal of Especially Valuable Lands It shall not be admitted to withdraw agricultural lands located on turf or turf-carbonate soils for non-agricultural needs or to withdraw lands of reserves, national, dendrological or memorial parks or botanical gardens for the building of facilities that are not connected with the purpose of use of such lands. Legislation of the Republic of Belarus may also ban the withdrawal of other especially valuable lands. Article 25. Conditions of the Withdrawal of Lands for State or Public Needs The withdrawal of agricultural lands, except lands enumerated in Article 24 of the present Code, lands of suburban or green zones, experimental fields of research institutions and educational establishments, woods of the first group, lands of environment-protection, health, recreational or historical and cultural purposes may be allowed only in case of especial necessity. The withdrawal of agricultural lands with the cadastre value of over 40 points (irrigated or drained lands, arable lands, plots of land with perennial fruit-bearing plants), lands of experimental fields belonging to research or educational institutions for non-agricultural purposes, republican reserves, lands of resort facilities as well as of woods having specific wood-usage conditions (wood parks, urban woods, wood-park parts of green zones, anti-erosion woods) for the purposes that are not connected with the forestry management shall be effected in exclusive cases and only on a decision of the Supreme Soviet of the Republic of Belarus. The withdrawal of the above lands for the purposes of their allotment for temporary short-term usage for building electrical transmission lines, communications lines, pipelines, drainage or irrigation channels or other lines may be effected in the necessary cases on the basis of a decision by the Oblast Soviet of People's Deputies. Enterprises, institutions or organizations having interest in the withdrawal of plots of land shall be obliged to make, before the process of designing, a prearragement with the land owners, land users, local Soviets of People's Deputies as well as with other specially authorized bodies which exercise the state control over the use and protection of lands the place of location of the facilities, the approximate area of the plot and the conditions for its assignment (allotment) taking into account the provisions for the complex development of the territory. It shall not be allowed to finance the design work before the prearrangement. Article 26. Withdrawal of Lands from Collective Farms, State Farms, Other Agricultural Enterprises to Provide Them to Citizens or Agricultural Cooperatives Withdrawal of lands from collective farms, state farms or other agricultural enterprises so as to provide them to citizens of the Republic of Belarus or agricultural cooperatives shall be effected by the regional or urban Soviet of People's Deputies in cases and according to the procedure established by Articles 53, 55, 66 to 70, 74 of the present Code and other acts of the legislation on land of the Republic of Belarus. Article 27. Appeal Against the Decision of the Soviet of People's Deputies on the Withdrawal of Lands If the land owner or land user disagrees, the decision of the Soviet of People's Deputies on the withdrawal of lands from him may be appealed against in a court of justice. An appeal against the decision of the Soviet of People's Deputies suspends its execution. Chapter 5 LAND LEASING Article 28. Land Lessees Land may be given for temporary use on terms of lease (tenancy) to citizens of the Republic of Belarus, collective farms, state farms and other state, cooperative, public enterprises, institutions and organizations, joint ventures, international associations and organizations with the participation of Belarusian and foreign legal persons, as well as foreign states, international organizations, foreign legal and physical persons. Article 29. Land Lessors Land lessors shall be rural, urban and regional Soviets of People's Deputies within their powers. Article 30. Lease Period The lease period shall be specified in the contract. In so doing, the lease of land for agricultural use must be of a long-term nature, i.e. for 5 years or more. Article 31. Conditions of Lease Conditions of lease shall be defined on agreement between the parties and shall be specified in the contract. In so doing, the amount of rent shall be established taking into account the requirements of Article 42 of the present Code. The lessee shall have the right of priority to resume the land lease contract on its expiration. Article 32. Provision of Agricultural Lands for Possession Leased plots of agricultural lands may be transferred, on agreement of the parties, to the lessee for possession, except foreign legal and physical persons. Article. 33. Internal Lease Contract Collective farms, state farms, other state and cooperative agricultural enterprises may assign land to individual workers and leasehold collectives on conditions of their internal lease contracts. Article 34. Regulation of Land Lease Relationship Relationship on the lease of land shall be regulated by the Law on Lease of the Republic of Belarus, the present Code and other legislation of the Republic of Belarus. Chapter 6 CESSATION AND TRANSFER OF THE RIGHT OF POSSESSION AND THE RIGHT OF USE OF LAND Article 35. Grounds for Cessation of the Right of Possession and the Right of Use of Land The right of possession and the right of use of the entire plot of land or its part shall cease in case of: 1) the voluntary giving up of the plot of land; 2) the expiration of the term for which the plot of land has been given; 3) the cessation of activities of the enterprise, institution, organization, farm; 4) the use of land for purposes which are different from the assigned purpose; 5) the cessation of the labor relationship in connection with which the plot of land has been given unless the legislation of the Republic of Belarus provided otherwise; 6) the irrational use of the plot of land which is expressed for agricultural lands in the level of the crop yield below the norm level (of the cadastre value); 7) the systematic nonfulfillment of measures for the protection of lands, preservation of fertility and other useful properties of land; 8) the use the plot of land applying methods that reduce the fertility of lands, their chemical or radioactive contamination, worsen the ecological conditions; 9) the systematic nonpayment of the land tax within the time periods set by the legislation of the Republic of Belarus as well as of the rent within the time periods set in the lease contract; 10) the non-use within one year of the plot of land provided for agricultural production or within two years - for non-agricultural purposes; 11) the withdrawal of lands in cases stipulated in the present Code; Items 6 and 10 of part one of the present Article do not cover the right of possession of land for citizens who have been engaged in farming during three years from the time the plot of land was given. The right of use of land may be also ceased in cases when the land owner or the land user commit actions stipulated in Articles 136 and 139 of the present Code. The right of use of leased lands shall also cease when the land lease contract is terminated in cases stipulated by the legislation on land lease. Legislation of the Republic of Belarus may stipulate also other cases for the cessation of the right of possession, the right of use of land and the lease of land. Article 36. Procedure for the Cessation of the Right of Possession and the Right of Use of Land Cessation of the right of possession and the right of use of land in cases stipulated in items 1 to 10 of part one and part three of Article 35 of the present Code shall be effected on decision of the authorities which provided the plots of land, or in cases when plots of land were provided by the Oblast Soviets of People's Deputies or the Supreme Soviet of the Republic of Belarus - on decision of the regional Soviets of People's Deputies. Cessation of the right of possession and the right of use of land in the case stipulated in item 11 of Article 35 of the present Code shall be effected on decision of the Soviets of People's Deputies which are entitled to withdraw plots of land. Decisions on the cessation of the right of possession and the right of use of land as stipulated in items 4, 6 to 10 of Article 35 of the present Code shall be taken on the basis of materials which testify that on receiving of a warning the land owner or the land user has not taken measures to correct the violations within the established period of time. On cessation of the right of possession and the right of use of land the Soviet of People's Deputies with the participation of the parties concerned shall decide the issue of compensation to the land owners or land users of expenses connected with the land improvement or of reimbursement by them of the damage caused by irrational use of the plots of land. The procedure for the compensation of expenses connected with the land improvement as well as for the reimbursement of damage caused by irrational use of the plot of land shall be established by the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus. Article 37. Transfer of the Right of Possession and the Right of Use of the Plot of Land in Case of the Transfer of the Right of Ownership for the Building When the right of ownership for the building or works is transferred the right of possession or the right of use of the plot of land shall also be transferred. When the right of ownership for the building and works is transferred to several owners and when the right of ownership is transferred for a part of the building, if it is impossible to divide the plot of land without a detriment to its rational use, the plot of land shall be transferred to a joint possession or use of the owners of the building. In case when the right of ownership for the living house located in a rural place of living is transferred by right of succession to heirs if they do not have the right to obtain the plot of land attached to the house according to the established procedure, or when citizens, residing in towns or town-like living places, acquire a rural house for seasonal or temporary living or when they own a living house in rural area, which they wish to use for the above purpose, on decision of the local Soviet of People's Deputies these persons shall be given the right to own the plot of land to maintain and keep the living house and produce agricultural products in he amount of not less than 0.1 ha. Article 38. Retention of the Right of Possession and the Right of Use of the Plot of Land When the Building Is Destroyed by Fire or In Case of Other Natural Calamities When the building is destroyed by fire or in case of other natural calamities the right of possession and the right of use of the plot of land shall be retained by the land owner and the land user, if he will begin, within one year, the restoration of the destroyed building or the erection of the new one except in cases when the planning and construction project envisages anther use of this plot of land. Chapter 7 USE OF PLOTS OF LAND FOR SURVEY WORK Article 39. Procedure of the Use of Plots of Land for Survey Work Enterprises, institutions and organizations carrying out geologic surveys, geodetic or other survey work may carry on this work on all lands according to the procedure established by the legislation of the Republic of Belarus without withdrawing the plots of land from the land owners and land users. Permits to perform survey work on plots of land shall be given by the regional, urban Soviet of People's Deputies for a period of time that may not exceed one year on agreement with the land owners and land users. The time of beginning and the place of the above work shall be agreed with the land owners and land users. Article 40. Obligations of Enterprises, Organizations and Institutions Carrying Out Survey Work Enterprises, institutions and organizations carrying out survey work shall be obliged to bring, at heir own expense, the occupied plots of land to the condition suitable for the use of the lands according to their purpose. The brining of the plots of land to the suitable condition shall be effected during the performance of the work, or - if such is not possible - not later than within one month on completion of the work, excluding the period when the soil is frozen. Enterprises, institutions and organization carrying out survey operations which, according to their technology, require that the plot of land or its part be occupied so as to locate temporary buildings, equipment, machinery, raw materials stores and other works limiting in full or in part the use of such lands by the land owners and the land users shall reimburse the land owners and the land users for all losses caused, including lost profits. Chapter 8 TAX ON LAND AND RENTAL ON LAND Article 41. Principle of Payment for Land Ownership and Land Use Land ownership and land use in the Republic of Belarus are based on the principle of payment. Payment for land shall be collected annually as the tax on land or rental payment determined depending on the quality and location of the plot of land taking into account the cadastre value. Article 42. Procedure, Rates of Taxation, Rental on Land The procedure, rates of taxation and the limit amounts of the rental on land shall be established by the Supreme Soviet of the Republic of Belarus. Article 43. Use of Payments for Land Payments for land shall be transferred to local budgets (in the amounts determined by the Supreme Soviet of the Republic of Belarus they may be partially centralized in the republican budget) and shall be used, first of all, for the protection of lands, improvement of their quality, as material incentives for land owners and land users, including land lessees, for the implementation of such measures as well as for land management and social development of the territory. Article 44. Land Payment Privileges No payment shall be collected for the agricultural lands affected by radioactive contamination in relation to which restrictions have been imposed as regards agricultural usage. Payment for land shall not be imposed on reserves, botanical gardens, national and dendrological parks. Legislation of the Republic of Belarus may envisage privileges on land payment in relation to legal and physical persons. Section II RIGHTS AND DUTIES OF LAND OWNERS AND LAND USERS Article 45. Rights of Land Owners Land owners shall have the right to: 1) manage the land independently; 2) own the produced agricultural products and the incomes from their realization; 3) use according to the established procedure for their land-management purposes generally spread natural resources, peat, woods, water facilities available on the plot of land, as well as to use other useful properties of the land; 4) erect according to the established procedure living, production, cultural, household or other buildings and works; 5) perform according to the established procedure irrigation, drainage and other land-reclamation operation, build pond and other water reservoirs; 6) own the sown and planted agricultural crops and plants; 7) receive the full compensation for expenses related to the increase of the land fertility in case of the withdrawal of land or the voluntary giving up of the plot of land; 8) transfer for temporary use the plot of land or its part in cases and according to the procedure stipulated by the present Code and other legislation of the Republic of Belarus. __139_0--------------------------------------------------- CL__3------------------------------------------------------- __139_0--------------------------------------------------- ### SEE PART N 2 FOR CONTINUE ###

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