Wood working is the oldest trade in Belarus. Various types of wood working were practiced: carpentry, joinery, cooperage, turnery and carving. Every peasant could produce tools, furniture, utensils and crockery for his own use. Only few of them were capable of comprehending the sophisticated techniques of this craftsmanship, but their hands produced authentic works of art.
Since long ago, people in Belarus' villiages have used
vines, straw, roots, branches, birch-bark, twigs, leather, rope, threads,
shavings, etc., for braiding. The most popular materials were made of vines:
vessels and dishes for grain, vegetables, mushrooms, and even fishing tackle.
Particularly in the north and east of Belarus, furniture was produced that
is both beautiful and strong.
Everywhere where there was a supply of good clay, whole
settlements were occupied with pottery making, providing the entire region
with plates and dishes. Manufactured goods were exported to Lithuania,
Russia Ukraine. Articles produced by craftsmen from Dudichi distinguished
themselves by their simple, expressive shapes, a brown-reddish colour range,
and were massive and stable.
Iron and Steel Working
To work with steel and iron, peasants without fail built a special building - a blacksmith's shop. There, they forged agricultural tools, carpenter's and joiner's instruments, houehold equipment, hooks, padlocks and door-hadles, grilles, and crosses for tombstones and church roofs. naturally, horses were shoed at the smithy as well.
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