The main terms
Colour is one of the material objects' property percepted as visual sensation, that permit to distinguish the quality
differences of radiation caused by different spectral compositions of the light.
Colour harmony is combination of colours that causes the positive estimation taking into account the basic
characteristics:
- colour tone,
- brightness saturation,
- form,
- texture and dimensions of planes that the colours have occupy,
- their mutual location in space.
Harmonic combinations of colours on type are to be divided for nuance and contrast.

Colour in architecture is the quality of architectural surroundings, historical tone of town, the important element of
national culture, one of the most important components of modern town surroundings formation.
Colour tone is the quality of colour.

Architectural polychromy (from poly = many, chromas = colour from Greek) is manycolourness (not less two colours).
It is to be achieved using colour materials or painting. It has two main parameters: activity or magnitude of contrast
between the elements of colour series and degree of independence of space colour structure in relation to volume and
spase parameters of architectural form.
Colouristic of residential area is the unified, having space and structure, harmonic on chromatic content, developing
system. It is the means of interaction of residential area with natural surroudings and the means to reach its own unity.

We have to mention that the
most skilled researches of
colouristic in Byelorus are:
Dr. Shakinko L.
Prof. Ponomareva E.
(Editorial staff of WWW Belarus)

The Light and the Colour in the Architecture of Byelorussia
Analysis of surroundings shows that colour-climatic features of Byelorussia - have important influence on formation of coloristic of Byeloryssian architecture. Range of chromatic ad acchromatic colours and their most characteristic combinations are builded in close connection with features of colours climat. Its objective indicators that affect perception of colours of building influence the colour texture and colour plastic of Byelorussian architecture.
The theoretical model of colouristic of architecture one can represent as a system of two structure coordinated parts:
of "chromatica material" (colouristic of ordinary building-) and of "chromatica frame" (colouristic of unique buildings). Multicolour printihg of Byelorussian arcitectyre was formed for mahy ceturies on the county duilding materials with using of the elements of applied art in corresponding with light climat; The widespread method is intended for receptivity in conditions with diffusion light - it is contrast of two of many colours. The colours that traditional were used in Byelorussian architecture are from the medium wave and form the long wave part of spectrum beginning from light-yellow-green to dark-red in the and of spectrum; The light climat define the direction of forming of chromatic conception not only of some odjects, dut the duilding aas a wtole.
Dr.arch. Larissa Shakinko


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