COLOUR CULTURE OF BYELORUSSIAN
culture is a complicated phenomenon and a lot of branches of science are
necessery for studing this one.
Colour features of people architecture, painting, and decorative arts
can be used as a base for studing the national colour preference.
The researches of colour preference permited to observer the correlation
between tradishional and modern ones, to reveal their ethnic originelity.
The investigation gives the opportunity to distinguish 6 different historically-ethnografical
colourspace regions of Belarus.
Analisis of colour patterns was completed with experimental methods,
such as "The Choice", "The Ranging". These methods
permited to study a colour preference in laboratory conditions and to compare
them with world scientific results.
The preferential colours were chosen for colour decision of same Minsk
residential districts. And parallel investigation was made in conditions
of real colour space. Empiric data indicate comparison between generalized
estimate and objective characteristics of colour decision.
The investigation shows that traditional colour preferences of Byelorussians
are being preserved and are being enriched at the expence of new natural
and artificial pigments in architecture.
See text : COLOUR CULTURE AND DEVELOPMENT
OF ARCHITECTURAL MULTICOLOUR PAINTING IN BYELORUSSIA
COLOUR CULTURE AND ENVIRONMENTAL
THEORY AND PRATICE.
What is a colour and colour combinations for architects? What do they
mean for us ? They are not only pictures, not line or space. Colour is
not only the way to express ideas and feelings. Colour is everything: idea
and space, sensation, emotion and symbol. Colour is a made of living, a
form of conscience. We have to be architects and artists in the same time,
we need the knowledge about colour design to define the main problem: how
to deal with real world complexity and how colour can act to the aesthetics
Our colour design process might be considered as a process of constant
modeling of the colour characteristics and elements of the environment.
The most important stages might be summered up in the three main ways:
- modeling, with respect to the different factors and bonds in order
to define the colour features of each element;
- discussions and final choice of materials, colour-bearers, methods
and techniques of the colouring.
Aprofound analysis of the existing situation is of primer importance.
It is carried out in accordance with a number of factors, which influence
the integral colour decision. We used the methods of site investigation,
expert observation, samples collection, tests and inquiries of the stuff
etc., as well as photographic and sketch registration of the complex and
surroundings in order to define:
1) the colour preferences of the persons, of the stuff, of the professional
architects and of the student-architects, as well as a new generation of
2) traditional coloristics palette, colour passport of historic and
architectural monuments and churchers in this region;
3) existing colouristics palette of the regional landscape and colour
passport of architectural comlexs.
The substantional part of the design process anyhow is the process
of modelling with respect to the influencing factors: surroudings, functional
and spatial organisation; architectural, technological and "gestalt"
elements, specifics of visual perception and dynamical changes It is carried
out in several levels using modern technical decign tools, such as:
- grafic analysis, colour choice and harmonization with the help of
Natural Colour System (NCS) and its accessories;
- flat and spatial material models in different colour scales.
The most important last stage: evaluation and final choice, discussion
and expert judgment of colour versions and different colour design projects.
GALLERY ll PROJECTS
ll Dr. SHAKINKO
Question and Wishes to Dr. Larissa M. Shakinko
WWW Belarus, Minsk, Belarus
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