PROJECT FOR PRODUCTION ENLARGEMENT
AND DEVELOPMENT OF
NEW TYPES OF PLOUGHS
Until the collapse of the Soviet Union the plant
did not have problems with major products sales. Constant demand for gears
and hot foldings, stable sales markets in the Republic and in the entire
USSR provided a regular and smooth functioning of the plant, bi connection
with a change in economic situation the enteiprises-consumers of MGW products
have started the production of analogous products on their own.
Within the framework of industry structural reconstruction
programme they have been carrying out at Minsk Gear Works the work on foundation
and organization of soil cultivating machines mass production. During the
period from 1993 till 1995 the plant mastered jointly with the Specialized
Design-Technical Office under Belarusian Research Institute for Agricultural
Mechanization (SDTO BRIAM) the mass production of PLN general purpose mounted
ploughs with semi-helical mouldboard: 3-bottomed PLN-3-35P plough, ,4-bottomed
PLN-4-35P plough, 5-bottomed PLN-5-35P plough for trectors MTZ-80, MTZ-82,
MTZ- 1025, MTZ-1221, T-150 (80, 100, 120 and 150 horse powers). Simultaneously
the production of spare parts for than has been organized. According to
statistics, 35 thousand ploughs are used in Belarusian agriculture, while
the tractor fleet numbers 125 thousand tractors.
If judging by purpose showings and technical
specifications, the ploughs conform to modem technical demands and are
competitive in CIS countries-members, the Baltics and the Republic of Belarus.
"Altajselmash" (Russia) and "Odessapochvomash"
(Ukraine) enterprises are MGW's competitors in the field of soil-cultivating
machines (ploughs). The advantage of these enteiprises is that they are
purely socialized works for the production of agricultural machines, but
their products are not conq)etitive on the worid market and do not conform
to modem agricultural demands.
Remoteness from consumers, existance of customs
barriers, lack of guarantee service and difficulties m spare parts supply
give an advantage to MGW products.
Such Belarusian enteiprises as "Gomselmash"
(Gomel), "Lidselmash" (Lida), "Kuzlitmash" (Pinsk)
and Orsha Tractor Maintenance Works (Orsha) also have started the production
of ploughs. The technical level and design peculiarities of their products
are lower than MGW products' ones. The results of the state acceptance
tests for specimens of 3- bottomed mounted poughs PLN-3-35P (MGW), PLN-3-30
(PA "Gomselmash"), L-108 ("Lidselmash"), held at Belarusian
Machine-Testing Station BelMIS, have shown that plough PLN-3-35P, made
by MGW, exceeds (if judging by the quality showings of technological process
performance) not only ploughs PLN-3-30 and L-108, but also the production-line
plough PLN-3-35, made by "Odessapochvomash" plant.
One more plant of PLN range, produced by MGW
— 4-bottomed mounted plough PLN- 4-35P — also has passed successfully the
state acceptance test.
The programme for plough sales is based on the
following principal keypoints: — ploughs of such type are not in mass production
in Belarus, and sales markets are not saturated with them.
— MTZ tractors, delivered both to home and foreign
markets, are anticipated to be equipped and completed with these ploughs.
— The provision of the whole range of ploughs
with spare parts is planned for pursuing the goal of sales market saturation.
- 1. Strategy of marketing and sales.
2.Short description of anticipated producte,
purpose and range of application,
New ploughs PLN-3-35P, PLN-4-35P, PLN-5-35P,
designed by SDTO BRIAM and made on serial basis by MGW, consist of the
frame, semi-helical bottoms with angular skims, disk coulters, supporting
wheel with a mechanism for cultivation depth control, portion with a device
in the shape of a transversal axis and catchers for quick attachment of
a tractor's lower rods to the plough- Besides, the ploughs have a device
for attaching harrows.
The new ploughs differ from production-line ploughs
of PLN type, made by "Odessapochvomash", by means of higher technical
These technical decisions are not inferior to
the design of the ploughs, produced by such major manufactm-ers of general
purpose ploughs as "Kwerneland" (Norway, MZ plough), "Hoirde"
(France, TS 641 plough), "Ewerums Bruk" (Sweden, 300F plough).
The semi-helical bottoms with angular skims improves
covering of seam, ensures the work of the plough without blocking, and
the disk coulter, mounted on the front side of the rear bottom, ensures
a clean furrow with a straight field cut.
Besides, the semi-helical bottom has a shortened
ploughshare with a cutting cover-plate, compound moudboard and turning
side-member (field board) — this enhances the service life of quicky wearing
parts and their reliability. Average non-failure life of ploughshare is
The mouldboard have the depth 8 mm and is made
from steel 65 G (instead of steel 60-10- 60, the depth — 7 mm) — this enhances
its service life. because the hard layer thickness of three-layer steel
is 2-2.5 mm; when the layer is worn, an intensive wearing of subsequent
layers takes place.
So, the showings of new ploughs' technical level
witness that they conform, if judging by basic parameters, to the most
perfect foreign (ploughs S 300F and SL-400F of Swedish firm "Owerums
Bruk") and home (PLN-3-35, PLN-4-35, PLN-5-35) patterns and to market
demands as well.
Besides the above ploughs we have worked out
at the plant working drawings and produced a specimen of mounted 8-bottomed
plough PLN-8-35P with semi-helical bottoms, aggregated with a class 5 tractor
(ofK-701 type) and with future models ofMTZ tractors (180-210 horse powers);
it is designed to plough various kinds of soil, free of stones, for grain
and industrial crops. In the second quarter of 1997 it is to undergo a
preliminary test at Belarusian Machine Testing Station.
- - new semi-helical bottoms have been installed
instead of cultural or speed ones;
- - skims have been replaced by angular skims;
- - the tip of the bottom has been reinforced by
means of a special cover-plate (bit);
- - the mouldboard has been made in a compound
shape from alloyed steel 65G;
- - the portion has been made in the shape of a
transversal axis and catchers instead of the portion of "Akkord"
Technical specifications of ploughs being in manufacturing
To plough the types of soil clogged with stones
we have worked out and produced the specimens of 3-bottomed mounted plough
with mechanical safeguards, aggregated with MTZ- 82 tractor, function bodies
of tins plough have been unified as much as possible with a PLN- type plough
with semi-helical bottoms. The specimen of a PKM-(5+-1+1)-40 semi-mounted
modular 5-7 bottomed plough with mechanical safeguard for stony soil, aggregated
with MTZ- 1221 and MTZ-1522 tractors, also have been designed and made.
In order to perform the smooth ploughing of middle
mechanical composition soil we have worked out (aerating drawings and make
now the samples of mounted swing ploughs for smooth ploughing: 3-bottomed
PON-3-35P and 4-bottomed PON-4-35P ploughs, aggregated with MTZ 80/82,
MTZ 1221 and MTZ-1025 tractors.
Besides, it is worth to make a special stress
on the promising character of works on the PNG-3-43 swing plough for smooth
ploughing, which have been started by MOW together with BRIAM. The plant
has produced a sample of the plough, which is now undergoing state acceptance
test at Belarusian Machine Testing Station.
Together with Belarusian Agricultural Academy
(BAA, Gorki) we create new plough bottoms with plate moudboards, which
are used for cultivating wet and sticky types of soil and ensure the effective
soil shattering. The energy consumption of ploughing process is reduced.
In comparison with analogous bottoms of famous
"Raba Werk" firm (Germany), where plates repeat the shape of
a solid mouldboard, BAA plates have their own geometrical shape, and this
makes the process of soil shattering much more effective.
Simultaneously with the conduct of joint work
with leading specialists of the Republic on creating new equipment, technicians
of the plant search constantly for foreign partners to establish joint
productions for manufacturing up-dated agricultural machines.
3. Intellectual and labour potential.
In connection with the fact that nowadays the
elaboration and the production of agricultural machines (ploughs) asumes
an unpoitant meaning at the plant, the. design-technological department
for soil-cultivating machines has been created within the framework of
the Chief Designer's Board
The department is manned with 10 experienced
specialists, including 4 former employees of SDTO BRIAM, who have been
specialized for the whole period of their work in this domaine in elaboration
of ploughs and who have 60 copyright certificate.
The plant possesses required woriong resources
for realizing an investment project. Workers and employees have an enough
level of qualification and the experience of practical work. 60 per cent
of the total quantity of industrial-production personnel have been employed
in this field for 10 years and more.
4. Provision with current assets and financial
The elaboration and introduction of new products
are connected closely with mastering new technologies. All plans for enterprise's
development are connected with the use of up-dated high technological equipment,
in particular, for metal working, welding and painting.
The enterprise has required current assets for
paying for energy, tools and technological tooling, but it does not have
enough means for purchasing metal, materials and components.
Besides, there is an additional need in financial
resources (investments), which are required for purchasing the equipment
we do not possess and modernizing the equipment we have; for working out,
producing and purchasing devices for measurement and check of plough's
parameters, for creation of welding and painting productions, for conducting
design- technological works and the tests of new types of soil-cultivating
machines and for compensating for the costs of future periods.
The total need in financial resources for the
development of production and for the manufacturing of ploughs is more
than 1,200,000 US dollars.
The receipt of these investments will let fulfil
the whole complex of works for technical re- equipment of the enterprise
in order to realize this project, for the creation in the Republic of Belarus
of the manufacturer of high-quality soil cultivating machines for different
regions of the Republic and for the export of these products to CIS and
foreign countries. The plant needs the above investments in 1997,
The possibility of receiving raw materials and
components depends on the financial position of the plant.
It is worth to take into account when estimating
the raw material base and the provision with components and half-finished
products, that the plant has long-standing links with metallurgical mtegiatcd
enterprises both in Belarus and in CIS colintlies-members. Besides, for
the four year period of assimilating the production of ploughs with semi-helical
bottoms the plant has cwicilided contracts with new suppliers, dealing
with products, complying with this peculiarity The principal suppliers
of raw-materials are:
- Zhlobin metallurgical integrated enterprise,
- Serov metallurgical integrated enterprise,
- Nizhniy Novgorod Machine-Building plant, Russia;
- Cheliabinsk metallurgical integrated enterprise,
- Oriol steel-rolling plant, Russia;
- Seversk pipe plant, Russia;
- production association "Kirov plant",
- peoduction association "Izhstal",
- Zlatoust metallurgical plant, Russia;
- Red Sulin metallurgical plant, Russia;
- Powder Metallurgy plant, Brovary, Ukraine;
- KZTSh plant, Zhodino, Belarus;
- Retchitsa metal articles plant, Belarus.
6. Technological potential.
The plant possesses production premises and required
turning, milling, grinding and other types of metal working equipment,
equipment for chemical-heat treatment of parts, forging equipment and laboratory
equipment for quality control of metal, for determining its mechaiiical-and-pliysical
properties and quality ofthermohardening.
Starting from 1993 they have been creating at
MOW a flexible production with the wide use of
NC machines, finishing and other types of modem
equipment, which function in a stable way, but have limited production
capacities Tn connection with reorientation for the production of ploughs
the urgent technical re-equipment of existing production, creation of certain
works (welding, painting) and appropriate investments for the production
of necessary technological equipment are required.
Volumes of investments into the expansion of
agricultural machines production
Model of plough (in brackets
there are models of tractors which the ploughs are aggregated with)
200 - 270
200 - 270
200 - 270
140 - 250
200 - 270
Type of equipment
Required quantity, pcs.
Investment volumes, $
NC millinn machines
NC plasma cutting machine
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